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KRaas'kaat - Colors
There are several resources available to support Kodiak Alutiiq language learners in practicing their color terms as shown in the handout at right, available for download below. Learners should note that some of the terms for colors are still in debate, such as for brown. The resources posted here currently use tan'eruasqaq (N) or tamleruasqaq (S), which literally means "one kind of like black," speakers vary on the description they ascribe for the color brown. We plan to discuss this further at the Words Council level to see if we can gain consensus.
Colors Handout, Flashcards,
8.5" x 11" Cards, & Presentation Files
Developed by Alisha Drabek for the Kodiak High School Alutiiq Language class as Computer-based Presentation printouts, the following handout (in color and blank for students to color in as practice), flashcards and full sheet cards can be used in various ways to practice Alutiiq colors. The Mac Keynote and PowerPoint (may need reformatting upon download) files also can be used as a class presentations. The two core questions at the top of most of these resources are:
Caquciq kRaas'kaaq? - What color is it?
- Naliaq pingakan kRaas'kaaq? - Which color do you like?
"KRaas'kaat" Memory Game
Using a modified set of KRaas'kaat flashcards with only the "-sqaq" or "one that is..." endings you can print on card stock and cut out 2 copies of these smaller labeled flashcards, or for advanced learners print the color flashcards without labels, to play Memory. With a pair of each color card mixed up and turned face down in rows, players take turns flipping a pair over to see if they can find a match. Each card that is turned over should be said aloud for both pronunciation and word memory practice. After a match is found, they keep the matched set and search again until they find a mismatched pair, taking turns with other players. The player with the most matched pairs wins.
"KRaas'kaat" Board Game
Intended as a simple learner group activity, this game board is useful to practice the colors from memory. Each player should have a game piece (borrowed from store bought game or coins or pebbles) and 1 dice. Players can play to see who gets to the end first or see how many times they can reach the end within a time frame. Players should be directed to only speak Alutiiq when playing, saying the Alutiiq numbers as they count their spaces and land on the Alutiiq color. The board has built in phrases to command different movements as defined below:
- Aularniq - the start
- Iqua - the end
- Angiiten mal'ugnek - Go back 2
- Cutmen pingayunek - Go forward 3
"Colors" in the Kodiak Alutiiq Picture Dictionary
Available in its second edition, the Kodiak Alutiiq Picture Dictionary or Qik'rtarmiut Sugpiat Niugneret book by Alisha Drabek contains the Kodiak Alutiiq color terms on the back page of the book, available for individual download as both the color pencil illustration with labels and a blank sheet for students to label themselves as a practice activity. The glossary for this book serves as the basis for the Online Alutiiq Dictionary launched through this site, which includes page number references to the Picture Dictionary for each word. The page numbers are the same for both first and second editions.
Alutiiq Traditions Book
You can purchase the Alutiiq Traditions book at the Alutiiq Museum Store or via their website. Within this introductory text about the Native culture of the Kodiak Archipelago is a chapter on Alutiiq colors that is helpful for understanding the cultural significance of traditional colors within masks and cultural objects.
- Colors & Graphic Arts, p. 30-31
Interactive Colors Slide
Below is an interactive "clickable" slide to practice the colors, with audio sounds for each color word.
www.alutiiqlanguage.org is coordinated by Native Village of Afognak with support from the Alaska Humanities Forum, Administration for Native Americans, Native Village of Port Lions, Afognak Native Corporation, Koniag, and the Alutiiq Museum.